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How to Use Chemicals Safely
1. Always read the label before using insecticides. Note ingredients, use directions, warnings and cautions each time before opening the container.
2. Keep all insecticides out of the reach of children and pets.
3. Always store insecticides in the original containers and keep them tightly closed.
4. Never smoke or eat while spraying or dusting.
5. When handling pesticides, wear a long-sleeved shirt and full-length pants. Some chemicals may require waterproof gloves and goggles. When spraying overhead, wear a wide-brimmed hat.
6. Avoid inhaling sprays or dusts.
7. Do not spill sprays or dusts on the skin or clothing. If they are spilled, remove contaminated clothing immediately and wash.
8. After spraying or dusting, wash hands and face and change into clean clothing. Wash clothing immediately.
9. Cover food and water containers when treating around livestock or pet areas. Do not contaminate fish ponds.
10. Use separate sprayers for applying herbicides to avoid accidental injury to susceptible plants.
11. Always dispose of empty containers so they pose no threat to humans, animals or wildlife.
12. If symptoms of illness occur during or shortly after spraying or dusting, contact a physician or go to the hospital. Take the label from the chemical with you.

5 Steps to Better Lawn Care
EARLY SPRING - repair winter damage. Treat with pre-emergence crabgrass killer, insecticides; fertilize and reseed if necessary.
LATE SPRING - kill broadleaf weeds; fertilize lawn and flowers.
EARLY SUMMER - water generously and often; fertilize and apply post-emer- gence herbicides and insecticides as needed.
LATE SUMMER - Watch for sod webworms and other insects. Fertilize and water heavily.
EARLY FALL - seed and fertilize, prepare for winter by mulching and pruning various shrubs and trees.
Specialty Products and Their Uses
Bone Meal-Excellent for use with flowering tubers and corms - such as tulips, iris, dahlias, crocus, peony narcissus, hyacinth, daffodil, etc. Use where organic nitrogen and phosphoric acid i sneeded for gradual feeding.
Nitrate of Soda-Has an alkalizing effect on the soil Provides quickly available nitrogen for dark green leaves. Promotes rapid growth.
Sulfate of Ammonia-High-ammoniacal nitrogen with an acidifying effect on the soil. Promotes sustained growth and dark green leaves through sustained release of nitrogen.
Sulfate of Potash-imparts increased vigor and disease resistance to plants. Helps encourage stronger stalks and stems, reducing lodging. Improves quality of fruits and hleps in development of tubers.
Iron Sulfate -Helps overcome iron chlorosis and provides available iron as needed. Associated with chlorophyll production in plants.
Manganese Sulfate -Excellent for supplemental use for plants deficient in trace elements. Over-limited or alkaline soild are often deficient in this minor element.
Magnesium Sulfate -Provides the key element of the chlorophyll molecule. Promotes deper, greener, helathier foliage. Helps regulate uptake of other plant foods and acts as a phosphorous carrier in the plant.
Soil Sulphur -Reduces Ph as it acidifies the soil. Helps plants retain dark green color and encourages more vigorous plant growth.

Facts You Should Know About Lawn Grasses
KindDays to Germinate# Seeds/PoundSeeding Rate per 1000 Sq. Ft.Usual LifeBlade TextureGeneral UtilityFor ShadeFor Play AreasFor Golf FairwayFor Quick CoverFor SlopesGeneral Desirability
New LawnEstablished Lawn
Part Kentucky Bluegrass10-282,200,00042PermanentFineExcellentPoorGoodExcellentGoodGoodFast Germination
Newport Kentucky Bluegrass10-282,200,00042PermanentFineExcellentGoodGoodGoodFairGoodShade Tolerant
Marion Kentucky Bluegrass14-282,200,00042PermanentFineExcellentPoorGoodExcellentPoorGoodBest for Sunny Lawns
Kentucky Bluegrass14-282,200,00042PermanentFineExcellentPoorGoodGoodPoorGoodBest for Sunny Lawns
Creeping Red Fescue10-21550,00063PermanentFineGoodGoodExcellentExcellentFairGoodShade Tolerant
Tall Fescue10-14230,000106PermanentCoarsePoorFairExcellentFairGoodExcellentWithstand Hard Use
Meadow Fescue10-14230,000106PermanentCoarsePoorPoorExcellentPoorGoodFairPoor
Red Top9-144,990,000323 YearsFineFairPoorGoodGoodExcellentGoodFine Nurse Grass
Pos Trivialis10-212,540,00042PermanentFineFairExcellentFairGoodFairFairShade Tolerant
Perennial Ryegrass10-14230,0001063 YearsCoarsePoorPoorGoodFairExcellentGoodQuick Cover
Annual Ryegrass10-14230,0001061 YearCoarsePoorPoorGoodFairExcellentFairQuick Cover
White Clover7-10670,00011Permanent--FairFairGoodPoorExcellentFairGood for those that like it

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Check your state and local codes before starting any project. Follow all safety precautions. Information in this document has been furnished by the North American Retail Hardware Association (NRHA) and associated contributors. Every effort has been made to ensure accuracy and safety. Neither NRHA, any contributor nor the retailer can be held responsible for damages or injuries resulting from the use of the information in this document.

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